Advertisement

Morphological characteristics of Olympic sprint canoe and kayak paddlers

      This paper is only available as a PDF. To read, Please Download here.
      Canoe and kayak paddlers (n= 50 M & 20 F) who competed in the sprint events at the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney were measured on a battery of 38 anthropometry dimensions prior to competition. The ensuing analysis aimed to identify common physical characteristics that provide these elite paddlers with a competitive advantage. This study demonstrated that participants in Olympic sprint paddling events can be considered homogeneous in shape and physical size; male and female paddlers have SAMs of 1.1 and 1.0 respectively. Compared to other athlete groups, the variance in stature and body mass of paddlers is generally low. Whilst sprint paddlers are not athletes with extreme proportionality profiles, they do possess unique characteristics not commonly observed in the general population. These include a lean body composition (Phantom z-scores for skinfolds range from −1.5 to −2.5 for most sites) with proportionally large upper body girths (z-scores > +1.0 for arm and chest girths), and narrow hips (for males). The morphology of elite paddlers appears to have altered during the past 25 years toward a more compact, robust physique. This trend is especially noticeable for the female competitors.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic and Personal
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Shephard R.J.
        Science and medicine of canoeing and kayaking.
        Sports Medicine. 1987; 4: 19-33
        • Carter JEL
        • Ackland TR
        Kinanthropometry in Aquatic Sports.
        Human Kinetics, Champaign1994
        • Norton K
        • Olds T
        Anthropometrica.
        UNSW Press, Sydney1996
        • Bloomfield J
        • Ackland TR
        • Elliot BC
        Applied Anatomy and Biomechanics in Sport.
        Blackwell Scientific Publications, Melbourne1994
        • Misigoj-Durakovic M
        • Heimer S
        Characteristics of the morphological and functional status of kayakers and canoeists.
        Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 1992; 32: 45-50
        • Ackland TR
        • Bloomfield J
        Applied anatomy.
        in: Bloomfield J Fricker PA Fitch KD Science and Medicine in Sport. 2nd Ed. Blackwell Science, Melbourne1995
        • Ross WD
        • Marfell-Jones M
        Kinanthropometry.
        in: MacDougal J Wenger H Green H Physiological Testing of the HIgh Performance Athlete. 2nd Edn. Human Kinetics Publishers, Champaign1991
        • Carter JEL
        • Heath BH
        Somatotyping: Development and Application.
        Cambridge University Press, Cambridge1990
        • Carter JEL
        • Ross WD
        • Aubry SP
        • Hebbelinck M
        • Borms J
        Anthropometry of Montreal Olympic Athletes.
        in: Carter JEL Physical Structure of Olympic Athletes: Part 1. The Montreal Olympic Games Anthropological Project. Medicine and Sport. Vol 16. Karger, Basel1982
        • Norton K
        • Olds T
        The evolution of the size and shape of athletes.
        in: Norton K Olds T Dollman J Kinanthropometry IV. ISAK, Adelaide1998
        • AADBase
        Australian Anthropometric Database.
        The University of South Australia, Adelaide1999
        • Carter JEL
        Physical Structure of Olympic Athletes: Part 1. The Montreal Olympic Games Anthropological Project.
        in: Medicine and Sport. Vol 16. Karger, Basel1982
        • Carter JEL
        • Marfell-Jones MJ
        Somatotypes.
        in: Carter JEL Ackland TR Kinanthropometry in Aquatic Sports. Human Kinetics, Champaign1994
        • Ross WD
        • Ward R
        • Leahy RM
        • Day JAP
        Proportionality of Montreal Athletes.
        in: Carter JEL Physical Structure of Olympic Athletes: Part 1. The Montreal Olympic Games Anthropological Project. Medicine and Sport. Vol 16. Karger, Basel1982
        • Ackland TR
        • Schreiner AB
        • Kerr DA
        Absolute size and proportionality characteristics of World Champioship female basketball players.
        Journal of Sports Sciences. 1997; 15: 485-490
        • Ackland T
        • Kerr D
        • Hume P
        • Norton K
        • Ridge B
        • Clark S
        • Broad E
        • Ross W
        Anthropometric normative data for Olympic rowers and paddlers.
        in: Proceedings of the SMA Annual Scientific Conference. Sports Medicine Australia, Perth2001
        • Carter JEL
        • Rienzi EG
        • Gomes PSC
        • Martin A
        Somatotipo y Tamano Corporal.
        in: Rienzi E Mazza JC Carter JEL Reilly T Futbolista Sudamericano de Elite: Morphologia, Analisis del Juego y Performance. Biosystem Servicio Educativo, Rosario1998
        • Crews D
        • Thomas G
        • Shirreffs JH
        • Helfrich HM
        A physiological profile of ladies professional golf association tour players.
        The Physician and Sports Medicine. 1984; 12: 69-74
        • Dacres-Mannings S
        Anthropometric profiles of elite Australian rugby players.
        in: Norton K Olds T Dollman J Kinanthropometry IV. ISAK, Adelaide1998
        • De Ridder H
        • Monyeki D
        • Amusa L
        • Toriola A
        • Wekesa M
        • Carter L
        Kinanthropometry in African sports: Body composition and somatotypes of world class male African middle distance, long distance and marathon runners.
        in: Norton K Olds T Dollman J Kinanthropometry VI. ISAK, Adelaide2000
        • Landers GJ
        • Blanksby BA
        • Ackland TR
        • Smith D
        Morphology and performance of world championship triathletes.
        Annals of Human Biology. 2000; 27: 387-400
        • Leake CN
        • Carter JEL
        Comparison of body composition and somatotype of trained female triathletes.
        Journal of Sport Sciences. 1991; 9: 125-135
        • Puhl J
        • Case S
        • Fleck S
        • Van Handel P
        Physical and physiological characteristics of elite volleyball players.
        The Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 1982; 53: 257-262