- The study is the first to measure comprehensively the shoulder force in a rugby tackle and influencing factors.
- When measured in a laboratory setting, the mean shoulder force was 1660N compared to 1997N in a field setting.
- Shoulder force was unaffected by shoulder pads and body side in this study.
- Shoulder force reduced with tackle repetition.
- Shoulder force magnitude was not associated with player position, skill level and player size.
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