Fatigue impact on non-contact ACL injury risk associated with multi-directional jumping and landing in female athletes: A systematic review

      Introduction: This paper reviews current research regarding the impact of fatigue and multi-directional landings on non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (NC-ACL) injury risk in female athletes. It focuses on knee and hip biomechanical outcomes associated with NC-ACL injury, covering all three planes of movement. Fatigue is considered to be an NC-ACL injury risk factor because an athlete appears to be at greatest risk towards the end of half time, end of the game and end of the season. Focusing on multi-directional landings moves research closer to sports like ‘high risk’ scenarios.
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