Advertisement

Game injuries in relation to game schedules in the National Basketball Association

Published:September 01, 2016DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2016.08.020

      Abstract

      Objectives

      Injury management is critical in the National Basketball Association (NBA), as players experience a wide variety of injuries. Recently, it has been suggested that game schedules, such as back-to-back games and four games in five days, increase the risk of injuries in the NBA. The aim of this study was to examine the association between game schedules and player injuries in the NBA.

      Design

      Descriptive epidemiology study.

      Methods

      The present study analyzed game injuries and game schedules in the 2012–13 through 2014–15 regular seasons. Game injuries by game schedules and players’ profiles were examined using an exact binomial test, the Fisher’s exact test and the Mann–Whitney–Wilcoxon test. A Poisson regression analysis was performed to predict the number of game injuries sustained by each player from game schedules and injured players’ profiles.

      Results

      There were a total of 681 cases of game injuries sustained by 280 different players during the three years (total N = 1443 players). Playing back-to-back games or playing four games in five days alone was not associated with an increased rate of game injuries, whereas a significant positive association was found between game injuries and playing away from home (p < 0.05). Playing back-to-back games and away games were significant predictors of frequent game injuries (p < 0.05).

      Conclusions

      Game schedules could be one factor that impacts the risk of game injuries in the NBA. The findings could be useful for designing optimal game schedules in the NBA as well as helping NBA teams make adjustments to minimize game injuries.

      Keywords

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Starkey C.
        Injuries and illnesses in the National Basketball Association: a 10-year perspective.
        J Athl Train. 2000; 35: 161-167
        • Drakos M.C.
        • Domb B.
        • Starkey C.
        • et al.
        Injury in the National Basketball Association: a 17-year overview.
        Sports Health. 2010; 2: 284-290
        • Arnason A.
        • Sigurdsson S.B.
        • Gudmundsson A.
        • et al.
        Physical fitness, injuries, and team performance in soccer.
        Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2004; 36: 278-285
        • Verrall G.M.
        • Kalairajah Y.
        • Slavotinek J.P.
        • et al.
        Assessment of player performance following return to sport after hamstring muscle strain injury.
        J Sci Med Sport. 2006; 9: 87-90
        • Hagglund M.
        • Walden M.
        • Magnusson H.
        • et al.
        Injuries affect team performance negatively in professional football: an 11-year follow-up of the UEFA Champions League injury study.
        Br J Sports Med. 2013; 47: 738-742
        • Steffen K.
        • Andersen T.
        • Krosshaug T.
        • et al.
        ECSS position statement 2009: prevention of acute sports injuries.
        Eur J Sport Sci. 2010; 10: 223-236
        • McBain K.
        • Shrier I.
        • Shultz R.
        • et al.
        Prevention of sports injury I: a systematic review of applied biomechanics and physiology outcomes research.
        Br J Sports Med. 2012; 46: 169-173
        • Chan D.K.
        • Hagger M.S.
        Theoretical integration and the psychology of sport injury prevention.
        Sports Med. 2012; 42: 725-732
      1. Holmes B. ESPN: Hurt locker rooms: the four injury risks today's young players face. http://espn.go.com/nba/story/_/id/13217004/the-four-injury-risks-today-young-nba-players-face. Accessed 17 January 2016.

      2. Moore M. CBSSPORTS: 2015-2016 NBA schedule: 5 things to know, including Warriors’ rough deal. http://www.cbssports.com/nba/eye-on-basketball/25268073/-2016-nba-schedule-five-things-to-know-including-warriors-rough-deal. Accessed 17 January 2016.

      3. Zillgitt J. USA TODAY Sports: NBA schedule more player friendly with fewer back-to-back games. http://www.usatoday.com/story/sports/2015/08/12/nba-schedule-more-player-friendly-fewer-back-back-games/31564149/. Accessed 3 February 2016.

        • Dugan S.A.
        • Frontera W.R.
        Muscle fatigue and muscle injury.
        Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2000; 11: 385-403
        • Luke A.
        • Lazaro R.M.
        • Bergeron M.F.
        • et al.
        Sports-related injuries in youth athletes: is overscheduling a risk factor?.
        Clin J Sport Med. 2011; 21: 307-314
        • Taheri M.
        • Arabameri E.
        The effect of sleep deprivation on choice reaction time and anaerobic power of college student athletes.
        Asian J Sports Med. 2012; 3: 15-20
        • Gabbett T.J.
        The training-injury prevention paradox: should athletes be training smarter and harder?.
        Br J Sports Med. 2016; 50: 273-280
        • Bird L.
        • Ryan B.
        Drive: the story of my life.
        Bantam Books, New York1990
        • Simenz C.J.
        • Dugan C.A.
        • Ebben W.P.
        Strength and conditioning practices of National Basketball Association strength and conditioning coaches.
        J Strength Cond Res. 2005; 19: 495-504
        • Banister E.W.
        • Calvert T.W.
        • Savage M.V.
        • et al.
        A systems model of training for athletic performance.
        Aust J Sports Med. 1975; 7: 57-61
        • Drew M.K.
        • Finch C.F.
        The relationship between training load and injury, illness and soreness: a systematic and literature review.
        Sports Med. 2016; : 1-23
        • Blanch P.
        • Gabbett T.J.
        Has the athlete trained enough to return to play safely? The acute:chronic workload ratio permits clinicians to quantify a player’s risk of subsequent injury.
        Br J Sports Med. 2016; 50: 471-475
        • Askling C.
        • Karlsson J.
        • Thorstensson A.
        Hamstring injury occurrence in elite soccer players after preseason strength training with eccentric overload.
        Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2003; 13: 244-250
        • Feiring D.C.
        • Derscheid G.L.
        The role of preseason conditioning in preventing athletic injuries.
        Clin Sports Med. 1989; 8: 361-372
        • Heidt Jr., R.S.
        • Sweeterman L.M.
        • Carlonas R.L.
        • et al.
        Avoidance of soccer injuries with preseason conditioning.
        Am J Sports Med. 2000; 28: 659-662
      4. Deveney S. SPORTINGNEWS: when NBA teams rest stars, fans pay the price. http://www.sportingnews.com/nba-news/4641540-resting-players-playoffs-cavaliers-david-blatt-lebron-james-david-stern-gregg-popovich. Accessed 18 January 2016.

        • Hulin B.T.
        • Gabbett T.J.
        • Blanch P.
        • et al.
        Spikes in acute workload are associated with increased injury risk in elite cricket fast bowlers.
        Br J Sports Med. 2014; 48: 708-712
        • Entine O.A.
        • Small D.S.
        The role of rest in the NBA home-court advantage.
        J Quant Anal Sports. 2008; 4 (Article 6)
        • Dick R.
        • Hertel J.
        • Agel J.
        • et al.
        Descriptive epidemiology of collegiate men’s basketball injuries: National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance System, 1988–1989 through 2003–2004.
        J Athl Train. 2007; 42: 194-201
        • Agel J.
        • Olson D.E.
        • Dick R.
        • et al.
        Descriptive epidemiology of collegiate women’s basketball injuries: National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance System, 1988–1989 through 2003–2004.
        J Athl Train. 2007; 42: 202-210