Advertisement

Setting them up for lifetime activity: Play competence perceptions and physical activity in young children

      Abstract

      Objectives

      Possessing positive physical perceived competence is important for physical activity in older children. Young children are primarily physically active through play-based behaviour rather than through organised sports and activities, so understanding how play perceptions might influence physical activity behaviour is important. The study purpose was to assess if perceived active play competence is associated with young children’s physical activity.

      Design

      Cross sectional study.

      Methods

      This paper uses two different samples drawn from the same Australian city, both collected in 2013. The first sample included 152 children (49% boys) aged 4–5 years (M = 4.7, SD = 0.47), the second sample included 78 children (55% boys) aged 5–8 years (M = 6.6, SD = 0.93). The Pictorial Scale of Perceived Movement Skill Competence was used to assess children’s perceived competence in six skill-related play activities. Moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) was assessed for 8 consecutive days via accelerometers. A general linear model with the mean minutes in MVPA per day as the outcome, perceived play competence as the independent variable and adjusting for relevant confounders was performed in each sample.

      Results

      Perceived active play competence was not related to MVPA min/day (B = 0.44, p = 0.323) in the younger sample, but was in the older sample (B = 1.53, p = 0.026), explaining 24% of adjusted variance.

      Conclusions

      Positive findings in the older sample show school-aged children need exposure to play based activities in order to develop the positive self-perception needed to engage in MVPA every day.

      Keywords

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Lubans D.R.
        • Morgan P.J.
        • Cliff D.P.
        • et al.
        Fundamental movement skills in children and adolescents: review of associated health benefits.
        Sports Med. 2010; 40: 1019-1035
        • Barnett L.M.
        • van Beurden E.
        • Morgan P.J.
        • et al.
        Does childhood motor skill proficiency predict adolescent fitness?.
        Med Sci Sport Exerc. 2008; 40: 2137-2144
        • Cattuzzo M.T.
        • Dos Santos Henrique R.
        • Re A.H.
        • et al.
        Motor competence and health related physical fitness in youth: a systematic review.
        J Sci Med Sport. 2016; 19: 123-129
        • Fox K.R.
        • Corbin C.B.
        The physical self-perception profile: development and preliminary validation.
        J Sport Exerc Psychol. 1989; 11: 408-430
        • Babic M.J.
        • Morgan P.J.
        • Plotnikoff R.C.
        • et al.
        Physical activity and physical self-concept in youth: systematic review and meta-analysis.
        Sports Med. 2014; 44: 1589-1601
        • Bai Y.
        • Chen S.
        • Vazou S.
        • et al.
        Mediated effects of perceived competence on youth physical activity and sedentary behaviour.
        Res Q Exerc Sport. 2015; 86: 406-413
        • Stodden D.F.
        • Goodway J.D.
        • Langendorfer S.J.
        • et al.
        A developmental perspective on the role of motor skill competence in physical activity: an emergent relationship.
        Quest. 2008; 60: 290-306
        • Barnett L.M.
        • Morgan P.J.
        • Van Beurden E.
        • et al.
        A reverse pathway? Actual and perceived skill proficiency and physical activity.
        Med Sci Sport Exerc. 2011; 43: 898-904
        • Barnett L.M.
        • Morgan P.J.
        • van Beurden E.
        • et al.
        Perceived sports competence mediates the relationship between childhood motor skill proficiency and adolescent physical activity and fitness: a longitudinal assessment.
        Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2008; 5
        • Robinson L.E.
        • Stodden D.F.
        • Barnett L.M.
        • et al.
        Motor competence and its effect on positive developmental trajectories of health.
        Sports Med. 2015; 45: 1273-1284
        • Harter S.
        • Pike R.
        The pictorial scale of perceived competence and acceptance for young children.
        Child Dev. 1984; 55: 1969-1982
        • Lopes V.P.
        • Barnett L.M.
        • Rodrigues L.P.
        Is there an association among actual motor competence, perceived motor competence, physical activity and sedentary behaviour in preschool children?.
        J Motor Learn Dev. 2017; 4: 129-141
        • Crane J.R.
        • Naylor P.J.
        • Cook R.
        • et al.
        Do perceptions of competence mediate the relationship between fundamental motor skill proficiency and physical activity levels of children in kindergarten?.
        J Phys Act Health. 2015; 12: 954-961
        • Barnett L.M.
        • Vazou S.
        • Abbott G.
        • et al.
        Construct validity of the pictorial scale of Perceived Movement Skill Competence.
        Psychol Sport Exerc. 2016; 22
        • Khodaverdi Z.
        • Bahram A.
        • Stodden D.
        • et al.
        The relationship between actual motor competence and physical activity in children: mediating roles of perceived motor competence and health-related physical fitness.
        J Sport Sci. 2016; 34: 1523-1529
        • Brockman R.
        • Jago R.
        • Fox K.R.
        The contribution of active play to the physical activity of primary school children.
        Prev Med. 2010; 51: 144-147
        • King A.C.
        • Parkinson K.N.
        • Adamson A.J.
        • et al.
        Correlates of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behaviour in English children.
        Eur J Public Health. 2011; 21: 424-431
        • Hesketh K.D.
        • Campbell K.
        • Salmon J.
        • et al.
        The Melbourne Infant Feeding, Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT) Program follow-up.
        Contemp Clin Trials. 2013; 34: 145-151
        • Barnett L.M.
        • Salmon J.
        • Hesketh K.D.
        More active pre-school children have better motor competence at school starting age: an observational cohort study.
        BMC Public Health. 2016; 16: 1068
        • Liong G.H.E.
        • Ridgers N.D.
        • Barnett L.M.
        Associations between skill perceptions and young children's actual fundamental movement skills.
        Percept Motor Skills. 2015; 120: 591-603
        • Ridgers N.D.
        • Fairclough S.
        Assessing free-living physical activity using accelerometry: practical issues for researchers and practitioners.
        Eur J Sport Sci. 2011; 11: 205-213
        • Cain K.
        • Sallis J.
        • Conway T.
        • et al.
        Using accelerometers in youth physical activity studies: a review of methods.
        J Phys Act Health. 2013; 10: 437-450
        • Evenson K.
        • Catellier D.
        • Gill K.
        • et al.
        Calibration of two objective measures of physical activity for children.
        J Sports Sci. 2008; 26: 1557-1565
        • Trost S.G.
        • Loprinzi P.
        • Moree R.
        • et al.
        Comparison of accelerometer cut points in predicting activity intensity in youth.
        Med Sci Sport Exerc. 2011; 43: 1360-1368
        • Cohen J.
        Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioural Sciences.
        2nd ed. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, New York1988
        • Slykerman S.
        • Ridgers N.D.
        • Stevenson C.
        • et al.
        How important is young children’s actual and perceived movement skill competence to their physical activity?.
        J Sci Med Sport. 2016; 19: 488-492
        • Barnett L.M.
        • Ridgers N.D.
        • Salmon J.
        Associations between young children's perceived and actual ball skill competence and physical activity.
        J Sci Med Sport. 2015; 18: 167-171
        • Barnett L.M.
        • Ridgers N.D.
        • Zask A.
        • et al.
        Face validity and reliability of a pictorial instrument for assessing fundamental movement skill perceived competence in young children.
        J Sci Med Sport. 2015; 18: 98-102
        • Lopes V.P.
        • Barnett L.M.
        • Saraiva L.
        • et al.
        Validity and reliability of a pictorial instrument for assessing perceived motor competence in Portuguese children.
        Child Care Health Dev. 2016; 42: 666-674
        • Cole D.A.
        Change in self-perceived competence as a function of peer and teacher evaluation.
        Dev Psychol. 1991; 27: 682-688
        • Trost S.G.
        Objective measurement of physical activity in youth: current issues, future directions.
        Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2001; 29: 32-36
        • Burdette H.
        • Whitaker R.
        Resurrecting free play in young children: looking beyond fitness to attention, affiliation, and affect.
        Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2005; 159: 46-50
        • Strong W.B.
        • Malina R.M.
        • Blimkie C.J.R.
        • et al.
        Evidence based physical activity for school-age youth.
        J Pediatr. 2005; 146: 732-737
        • Hulteen R.M.
        • Lander N.J.
        • Morgan P.J.
        • et al.
        Validity and reliability of field-based measures for assessing movement skill competency in lifelong physical activities: a systematic review.
        Sports Med. 2015; 45: 1443-1454

      CHORUS Manuscript

      View Open Manuscript