This study investigated the effect of 7 days’ supplementation with New Zealand blackcurrant extract on thermoregulation and substrate metabolism during running in the heat.
Randomized, double-blind, cross-over study.
Twelve men and six women (mean ± SD: Age 27 ± 6 years, height 1.76 ± 0.10 m, mass 74 ± 12 kg, V̇O2max 53.4 ± 7.0 mL kg−1 min−1) completed one assessment of maximal aerobic capacity and one familiarisation trial (18 °C, 40% relative humidity, RH), before ingesting 2 × 300 mg day−1 capsules of CurraNZ™ (each containing 105 mg anthocyanin) or a visually matched placebo (2 × 300 mg microcrystalline cellulose M102) for 7 days (washout 14 days). On day 7 of each supplementation period, participants completed 60 min of fasted running at 65% V̇O2max in hot ambient conditions (34 °C and 40% relative humidity).
Carbohydrate oxidation was decreased in the NZBC trial [by 0.24 g min−1 (95% CI: 0.21–0.27 g min-1)] compared to placebo (p = 0.014, d = 0.46), and fat oxidation was increased in the NZBC trial [by 0.12 g min−1 (95% CI: 0.10 to 0.15 g min−1)], compared to placebo (p = 0.008, d = 0.57). NZBC did not influence heart rate (p = 0.963), rectal temperature (p = 0.380), skin temperature (p = 0.955), body temperature (p = 0.214) or physiological strain index (p = 0.705) during exercise.
Seven-days intake of 600 mg NZBC extract increased fat oxidation without influencing cardiorespiratory or thermoregulatory variables during prolonged moderate intensity running in hot conditions.
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Published online: March 12, 2020
Accepted: February 29, 2020
Received in revised form: August 14, 2019
Received: March 7, 2019
© 2020 Sports Medicine Australia. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.