Using musculoskeletal modelling to understand the energetic cost of running with different footwear

      Introduction: A critical factor in long-distance running performance is the energy cost required to cover a specified distance. It has been suggested that the longitudinal midsole bending stiffness of a shoe can influence this cost. One limitation of current methods to assess energy cost is that it has to be measured well below a typical race pace, making it difficult to predict race performance. Estimating energy cost with a musculoskeletal model is a method to overcome this limitation. The purpose of this study was to determine the sensitivity of musculoskeletal modelling to detect changes in energy cost of running across speeds in different footwear.
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