Background: Executive function involves a number of cognitive processes that are integral to the self-regulation of behaviour and developing social and cognitive competence in young children. Physical activity is increasingly recognised as an important determinant of cognitive functioning among older populations but less is known about these relationships in early childhood. In younger populations, it has been suggested that interventions aiming to increase physical activity should focus on children’s physical literacy. Physical literacy can be defined as developing capabilities in the physical, psychological, cognitive and social domains that facilitate and promote an active lifestyle across the life course. The contribution of physical literacy programs to the healthy development of language and executive function during early childhood is yet to be fully investigated. In this randomised controlled trial, we examined the effect of a physical literacy curriculum, delivered in an early learning centre setting on child executive function and language development.
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