Original research| Volume 26, ISSUE 1, P31-36, January 2023

Download started.


The cost of injury in Ladies Gaelic football: A nine-year analysis (2012–2020) of the LGFA's Injury Fund

Published:October 15, 2022DOI:



      Ladies Gaelic football is a popular women's sport in Ireland and internationally. An injury fund is available to Ladies Gaelic football players for claims to cover excess medical bills/lost wages, facilitating a longitudinal analysis of claim data over time. This study aimed to report Ladies Gaelic football injury claim numbers, rates, and associated costs, and consider claim trends over time.


      Descriptive epidemiology study.


      All approved injury claims from Ladies Gaelic football players between 2012 and 2020 were analysed. The frequency of injury claims, cost of the injury fund, and specific treatment expenses were calculated for the overall sample, and for adults and youths. Claim rates per 1000 players, per 1000 adults and per 1000 youths were calculated and Poisson regression was used to examine trends over time.


      A total of €6,200,557.68 was allocated to 9348 claims, averaging €663.30 ± 1387.15 per claim. There were 12.98 (95 % confidence interval 12.72–13.25) claims per 1000 players and 1.15 (95 % confidence interval 1.12–1.17) per club. No significant injury trends over time were observed whilst the average inflation-adjusted claim cost increased by 71.9 %. Lower extremity injuries accounted for most claims (63.8 %) and most costs (83.4 %). The knee, ankle and hamstring were most frequently injured and knee injuries accounted for 70 % of injury costs.


      Claim rates remained prevalent between 2012 and 2020 though average claim costs increased substantially during this time. Investment towards injury prevention strategies targeting lower extremity injuries, particularly knee injuries, is strongly supported by these data.


      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • O’Connor S.
        • Bruce C.
        • Teahan C.
        Injuries in collegiate ladies Gaelic footballers: a 2-season prospective cohort study.
        J Sport Rehabil. 2020; 30: 261-266
        • Crowley J.
        • Jordan J.
        • Falvey E.
        A comparison of Gaelic football injuries in males and females in primary care.
        Ir Med J. 2011; 104 (22132594): 268-270
        • Murphy J.C.
        • O’Malley E.
        • Gissane C.
        • et al.
        Incidence of injury in Gaelic football: a 4-year prospective study.
        Am J Sports Med. 2012; 40: 2113-2120
        • O’Connor S.
        • McCaffrey N.
        • Whyte E.F.
        Epidemiology of injury in male adolescent Gaelic games.
        J Sci Med Sport. 2016; 19: 384-388
        • Weber M.L.
        • Lam K.C.
        • McLeod T.C.
        The effectiveness of injury prevention programs for youth and adolescent athletes.
        Int J Athl Ther Train. 2016; 21: 25-31
        • O’Connor S.
        • McCaffrey N.
        • Whyte E.F.
        • et al.
        Epidemiology of injury in male collegiate Gaelic footballers in one season.
        Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2017; 27: 1136-1142
        • Roe M.
        • Blake C.
        • Gissane C.
        Injury scheme claims in Gaelic games: a review of 2007–2014.
        J Athl Train. 2016; 51: 303-308
        • Brown J.
        • Papadopoulos C.
        • Pritchett R.
        Examination of injury in female Gaelic football.
        Int J Exerc Sci. 2013; 6: 98-105
        • Central Statistics Office (CSO)
        Consumer Price Index.
        Central Statistics Office (CSO), Ireland2022
        • Mufty S.
        • Bollars P.
        • Vanlommel L.
        Injuries in male versus female soccer players: epidemiology of a nationwide study.
        Acta Orthop Belg. 2015; 81: 289-295
        • Quarrie K.
        • Gianotti S.
        • Murphy I.
        Injury risk in New Zealand rugby union: a nationwide study of injury insurance claims from 2005 to 2017.
        Sports Med. 2020; 50: 415-428
        • Gopinathan P.
        The female ACL: why is it more prone to injury.
        J Orthop. 2016; 13
        • Parsons J.L.
        • Coen S.E.
        • Bekker S.
        Anterior cruciate ligament injury: towards a gendered environmental approach.
        Br J Sports Med. 2021; 55: 984-990
        • Hind K.
        • Konerth N.
        • Entwistle I.
        Cumulative sport-related injuries and longer term impact in retired male Elite- and Amateur-Level rugby code athletes and non-contact athletes: a retrospective study.
        Sports Med. 2020; 50: 2051-2061
        • Schlingermann B.E.
        • Lodge C.A.
        • Gissane C.
        Effects of the Gaelic Athletic Association 15 on lower extremity injury incidence and neuromuscular functional outcomes in collegiate Gaelic games.
        J Strength Cond Res. 2018; 32: 1993-2001
        • O’Connor S.
        • Whyte E.
        • O’Hanlon S.
        Coach and player views toward injury prevention exercise programs in camogie: a cross-sectional survey.
        Athl Train Sports Health Care. 2021; 13: e202-e211
        • Ruiz-Pérez I.
        • López-Valenciano A.
        • Jiménez-Loaisa A.
        Injury incidence, characteristics, and burden among female sub-elite futsal players: a prospective study with three-year follow-up.
        PeerJ. 2019; 5e7989
        • Schmitt B.
        • Tim T.
        • McHugh M.
        Hamstring injury rehabilitation and prevention of reinjury using lengthened state eccentric training: a new concept.
        Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2012; 7: 333-341
        • Malliaropoulos N.
        • Ntessalen M.
        • Papacostas E.
        Reinjury after acute lateral ankle sprains in elite track and field athletes.
        Am J Sports Med. 2009; 37: 1755-1761
        • Ekegren C.L.
        • Donaldson A.
        • Gabbe B.J.
        Implementing injury surveillance systems alongside injury prevention programs: evaluation of an online surveillance system in a community setting.
        Inj Epidemiol. 2014; 1: 1-5
        • King D.
        • Hume P.A.
        • Hardaker N.
        Female rugby union injuries in New Zealand: a review of five years (2013–2017) of Accident Compensation Corporation moderate to severe claims and costs.
        J Sci Med Sport. 2019; 22: 532-537
        • Oliveira F.C.
        • Roy J.S.
        • Pappas E.
        ACL injury, physical activity, and overweight/obesity: a vicious cycle?.
        Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2019; 28: 667-669
        • Brophy R.H.
        • Schmitz L.
        • Wright R.W.
        Return to play and future ACL injury risk after ACL reconstruction in soccer athletes from the Multicenter Orthopaedic Outcomes Network (MOON) group.
        Am J Sports Med. 2012; 40: 2517-2522
        • Voskanian N.
        ACL injury prevention in female athletes: review of the literature and practical considerations in implementing an ACL prevention program.
        Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2013; 6: 158-163
        • Hebert J.J.
        • Møller N.C.
        • Andersen L.B.
        Organized sport participation is associated with higher levels of overall health-related physical activity in children (CHAMPS study-DK).
        PLoS One. 2015; 10e0134621
        • Leitzmann M.F.
        • Park Y.
        • Blair A.
        Physical activity recommendations and decreased risk of mortality.
        Arch Intern Med. 2007; 167: 2453-2460
        • Gabbe B.J.
        • Bennell K.L.
        • Finch C.F.
        Why are older Australian football players at greater risk of hamstring injury?.
        J Sports Sci Med. 2006; 9: 327-333
        • Fulton J.
        • Wright K.
        • Kelly M.
        Injury risk is altered by previous injury: a systematic review of the literature and presentation of causative neuromuscular factors.
        Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2014; 9: 583
        • Shaw L.
        • Finch C.
        Trends in paediatric anterior cruciate ligament injuries in Victoria, Australia 2005–2015.
        J Sci Med Sport. 2017; 20: 71
        • Åman M.
        • Forssblad M.
        • Henriksson-Larsén K.
        Insurance claims data: a possible solution for a national sports injury surveillance system? An evaluation of data information against ASIDD and consensus statements on sports injury surveillance.
        BMJ Open. 2014; 4e005056