Original research| Volume 26, ISSUE 2, P109-113, February 2023

Download started.


Cricket injury in New Zealand: a study of injury insurance claims from 2008 to 2018

Published:December 03, 2022DOI:



      This study aimed to quantify injury claims in organised community cricket in New Zealand over a 10-year period, 1 July, 2008 to June 30, 2018.


      Retrospective analysis of administrative insurance claims data from the Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC), New Zealand.


      Injury claims relating to cricket in males and females in New Zealand were identified from coded data and relevant text searches of routinely collected claims data. Summary statistics for key variables (age, body part, injury type, and injury factors) are presented together with annual injury claim incidence rates (ICR) calculated using population-based denominators.


      There were 62,776 claims for cricket injury occurring at a place of recreation/sports. Most claims were in males (91.4%) and those aged 15–19 year old age group. There was an increase in the total number of injury claims over the 10-year period (1.5%, p = 0.04), but the ICR was consistent (males: varying between 258.8–304.8, and females: 22.6–28.3 claims annually per 100,000 population). Soft tissue injury claims were the most common injury type. Lumbosacral claims were most common for bowlers (78%). Lower limb injury claims were the predominant claim from batting (36%) and fielding (42%), with knee injury claims (34%) being the most common lower-limb injury location.


      Lumbosacral, shoulder and knee injuries were common amongst all playing positions and worthy of preventative attention. Strategies targeting prevention of these injuries may reduce the ICR within the ACC.


      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • McLeod G.
        • O’Conner S.
        • Morgan D.
        • et al.
        Medical-attention injuries in community cricket: a systematic review.
        BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med. 2020; 6e000670
        • McLeod G.
        • O’Conner S.
        • Morgan D.
        • et al.
        Prospective reporting of injury in community-level cricket: a systematic review to identify research priorities.
        J Sci Med Sport. 2020; 23: 1028-1043
        • Quarrie K.
        • Gianotti S.
        • Murphy I.
        Injury risk in New Zealand rugby union: a nationwide study of injury insurance claims from 2005 to 2017.
        Sports Med. 2020; 50: 415-428
        • Quarrie K.L.
        • Gianotti S.M.
        • Hopkins W.G.
        • et al.
        Effect of nationwide injury prevention programmeon serious spinal injuries in New Zealand rugby union: ecological study.
        Br Med J. 2007;
        • Gianotti S.
        • Hume P.A.
        Concussion sideline management intervention for rugby union leads to reduced concussion claims.
        NeuroRehabilitation. 2007; 22: 181-189
        • Love R.M.
        • Carman N.
        • Carmichael S.
        • et al.
        Sport-related dental injury claims to the new Zealand Accident Rehabilitation & Compensation Insurance Corporation, 1993-1996: analysis of the 10 most common sports, excluding rugby union.
        New Zealand Dental Journal. 1998; 94: 146-149
        • Welch C.L.
        • Murray Thomson W.
        • Kennedy R.
        ACC claims for sports-related dental trauma from 1999 to 2008: a retrospective analysis.
        New Zealand Dental Journal. 2010; 106: 137-142
        • King D.
        • Hume P.A.
        • Hardaker N.
        • et al.
        Sports-related injuries in New Zealand: National Insurance (Accident Compensation Corporation) claims for five sporting codes from 2012 to 2016.
        Br J Sports Med. 2019; 53: 1026-1033
        • Gianotti S.
        • Hume P.A.
        A cost-outcome approach to pre and post-implementation of national sports injury prevention programmes.
        J Sci Med Sport. 2007; 10: 436-446
        • Andrew N.
        • Wolfe R.
        • Cameron P.
        • et al.
        The impact of sport and active recreation injuries on physical activity levels at 12 months post-injury.
        Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2012; 24: 377-385
        • Bahr R.
        • Clarsen B.
        • Derman W.
        • et al.
        International Olympic Committee consensus statement: methods for recording and reporting of epidemiological data on injury and illness in sport 2020 (including STROBE extension for sport injury and illness surveillance (STROBE-SIIS)).
        Br J Sports Med. 2020; 54: 372
        • R Core Team
        R: a language and environment for statistical computing.
        R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria2019 (Available from:) (accessed 2019 2019)
        • DescTools: Tools for descriptive statistics [program]
        R package version 0.99.29.
        • New Zealand Cricket
        Women and cricket cricket and women.
        • Christie C.J.
        • Barnard D.V.
        • Pote L.
        • et al.
        Workload monitoring in team sports: using elite cricket as an example.
        Indian J Orthop. 2020; 54: 271-274
        • Dennis R.J.
        • Finch C.F.
        • Farhart P.J.
        Is bowling workload a risk factor for injury to Australian junior cricket fast bowlers?.
        Br J Sports Med. 2005; 39: 843-846
        • New Zealand Cricket
        Game on resource.
        • Soomro N.
        • Hackett D.
        • Freeston J.
        • et al.
        How do Australian coaches train fast bowlers? A survey on physical conditioning and workload management practices for training fast bowlers.
        Int J Sports Sci Coach. 2018; 13: 761-770
        • Jones M.E.
        • Davies M.A.M.
        • Shah K.
        • et al.
        The prevalence of hand and wrist osteoarthritis in elite former cricket and rugby union players.
        J Sci Med Sport. 2019; 22: 871-875
        • Shah K.
        • Furniss D.
        • Collins G.S.
        • et al.
        Cricket related hand injury is associated with increased odds of hand pain and osteoarthritis.
        Sci Rep. 2020; 10: 16775
        • Orchard J.W.
        • Kountouris A.
        Incidence and prevalence of elite male cricket injuries using updated consensus definitions.
        Open Access J Sports Med. 2016; 7: 187-194
        • Von Hagen K.
        • Roach R.
        • Summers B.
        The sliding stop: a technique of fielding in cricket with a potential for serious knee injury.
        Br J Sports Med. 2000; 34: 379
        • Gabbett T.
        • Minbashian A.
        • Finch C.
        Influence of environmental and ground conditions on injury risk in rugby league.
        J Sci Med Sport. 2007; 10: 211-218
        • Petrass L.A.
        • Twomey D.M.
        The relationship between ground conditions and injury: what level of evidence do we have?.
        J Sci Med Sport. 2013; 16: 105-112
        • Frost W.L.
        • Chalmers D.J.
        Injury in elite New Zealand cricketers 2002–2008: descriptive epidemiology.
        Br J Sports Med. 2012; 48: 1002-1007
        • Kountouris A.
        • Sims K.
        • Beakley D.
        • et al.
        MRI bone marrow oedema precedes lumbar bone stress injury diagnosis in junior elite cricket fast bowlers.
        Br J Sports Med. 2019; 53: 1236
        • Orchard J.W.
        • Ranson C.
        • Olivier B.
        • et al.
        International consensus statement on injury surveillance in cricket: a 2016 update.
        Br J Sports Med. 2016; 50: 1245-1251
        • Ross A.G.
        • McKay M.J.
        • Pappas E.
        • et al.
        Direct and indirect costs associated with injury in sub-elite football in Australia: a population study using 3 years of sport insurance records.
        J Sci Med Sport. 2022; 25: 743-749