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Effect of Yi Jin Jing exercise plus Elastic Band Resistance exercise on overall bone mineral density in postmenopausal women

  • Author Footnotes
    1 Co-first author: Jingyuan Li and Qing Gu.
    Jingyuan Li
    Footnotes
    1 Co-first author: Jingyuan Li and Qing Gu.
    Affiliations
    School of Exercise and health, Shanghai University of Sport, China

    Shanghai Frontiers Science Research Base of Exercise and Metabolic Health, China
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    1 Co-first author: Jingyuan Li and Qing Gu.
    Qing Gu
    Footnotes
    1 Co-first author: Jingyuan Li and Qing Gu.
    Affiliations
    Department of Endocrinology, Shidong Hospital, Yangpu District, Shidong Hospital Affiliated to University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, China
    Search for articles by this author
  • Ruixue Li
    Affiliations
    School of Exercise and health, Shanghai University of Sport, China

    Shanghai Frontiers Science Research Base of Exercise and Metabolic Health, China
    Search for articles by this author
  • Ru Wang
    Affiliations
    School of Exercise and health, Shanghai University of Sport, China

    Shanghai Frontiers Science Research Base of Exercise and Metabolic Health, China
    Search for articles by this author
  • Yanwei Cai
    Affiliations
    School of Exercise and health, Shanghai University of Sport, China

    Shanghai Frontiers Science Research Base of Exercise and Metabolic Health, China
    Search for articles by this author
  • Yunda Huang
    Affiliations
    School of Exercise and health, Shanghai University of Sport, China

    Shanghai Frontiers Science Research Base of Exercise and Metabolic Health, China
    Search for articles by this author
  • Shasha Wang
    Affiliations
    School of Exercise and health, Shanghai University of Sport, China

    Shanghai Frontiers Science Research Base of Exercise and Metabolic Health, China
    Search for articles by this author
  • Suijun Wang
    Correspondence
    Corresponding authors.
    Affiliations
    Department of Endocrinology, Shidong Hospital, Yangpu District, Shidong Hospital Affiliated to University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, China
    Search for articles by this author
  • Xiangyun Liu
    Correspondence
    Corresponding authors.
    Affiliations
    School of Exercise and health, Shanghai University of Sport, China

    Shanghai Frontiers Science Research Base of Exercise and Metabolic Health, China
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    1 Co-first author: Jingyuan Li and Qing Gu.
Published:January 13, 2023DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2023.01.006

      Abstract

      Objectives

      This work aimed to study the effects of Yi Jin Jing plus Elastic Band Resistance exercise on bone mineral density at all parts of the body and bone metabolism index levels in postmenopausal women.

      Design

      Randomized controlled trial.

      Methods

      Forty postmenopausal women were randomly assigned equally to the exercise or to the control group. The control group maintained their lifestyle behaviors unaltered, whereas the exercise group received  Yi Jin Jing plus Elastic Band Resistance exercise. The primary outcome was overall bone mineral density at each part, and the secondary one was bone metabolism indicator levels and bone mineral density on both sides.

      Results

      The results after six months showed increased bone mineral density at all parts of the body in the exercise group (spine, P = 0.002; thighs, lumbar, and whole body, P < 0.05) and decreased bone mineral density in the control group (trunk, pelvis, and spine, P < 0.01). In particular, the decrease and increase were greater on the non-preferred (left) side than on the right side. As for bone metabolism indexes, β-Crosslaps levels reduced (P = 0.016) and a significant increase in 1,25-(OH)2-D3 (P < 0.001) can be observed in the exercise group.

      Conclusions

      The results suggested that Yi Jin Jing plus Elastic Band Resistance exercise could delay the overall decrease of bone mineral density in postmenopausal women, especially on the non-preferred side. It also increased bone formation metabolite levels and inhibited bone resorption metabolite levels.

      Keywords

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