- This special issue of the Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport originates from the 4th International Congress of Soldiers’ Physical Performance (ICSPP2017) which was hosted by the Defence Science and Technology Group in Melbourne, Australia from 28 November to 1 December 2017. The ICSPP is the most important international conference in applied military human performance research and therefore attracts experts from all over the world. ICSPP2017 had a record attendance of 502 delegates from 32 countries (Fig.
- The objectives of this study were to identify perceived priorities related to military personnel’s health and physical performance, among attendees at the 4th International Congress on Soldiers’ Physical Performance (ICSPP), and to determine if perceived priorities had changed between the 3rd ICSPP survey held in 2014 and the 4th ICSPP survey held in 2017.
- Modern warfare operations often occur in volatile, uncertain, complex, and ambiguous (VUCA) environments accompanied by physical exertion, cognitive overload, sleep restriction and caloric deprivation. The increasingly fast-paced nature of these operations requires military personnel to demonstrate readiness and resiliency in the face of stressful environments to maintain optimal cognitive and physical performance necessary for success. Resiliency, the capacity to overcome the negative effects of setbacks and associated stress on performance, is a complex process involving not only an individual’s physiology and psychology, but the influence of factors such as sex, environment, and training.