Optimising the effects of physical activity on mental health and wellbeing: A joint consensus statement from Sports Medicine Australia and the Australian Psychological SocietyThis consensus statement from Sports Medicine Australia and the Australian Psychological Society aims to provide guidance to practitioners on the ways that physical activity can be promoted to maximise benefits to mental health.
Prevalence, frequency, adverse events, and reasons for analgesic use in youth athletes: A systematic review and meta-analysis of 44,381 athletesTo identify the prevalence, frequency, adverse effects, and reasons for analgesic use in youth athletes.
Developmental associations of accelerometer measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and sedentary time with cardiorespiratory fitness in schoolchildrenThis study examined the developmental associations of accelerometer-based moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time (ST) with cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in schoolchildren.
Applying an ecosystem approach to explore modifiable factors related to the risk for low motor competence in young childrenEarly childhood is a crucial phase for motor development in which differences between children can manifest. These differences might be related to factors in ecosystems in which children are raised, of which little is currently known. The current study's purpose was to explore which modifiable factors in children's ecosystems are associated with the odds for low versus higher motor competence (MC) in 4- to 6-year-old children.
Match and training injury risk in semi-professional rugby union: A four-year studyDescribe medical-attention and time-loss injuries during matches and training in a Welsh Premiership Rugby Union team.
Diagnostic yield and cost analysis of electrocardiographic screening in Swiss paediatric athletesAthletes performing sports on high level are at increased risk for sudden cardiac death. This includes paediatric athletes, even though data on screening strategies in this age group remain scarce. This study aimed to assess electrocardiogram interpretation criteria in paediatric athletes and to evaluate the cost of screening.
Normative data and percentile curves for long-term athlete development in swimmingTo provide normative data and establish percentile curves for long-course (50 m pool length) swimming events and to compare progression of race times longitudinally for the various swimming strokes and race distances.
How sleep can help maximize human potential: The role of leadersDuring multi-domain operations (MDO), soldiers need the physical supremacy, cognitive dominance, and emotional resilience to help defend and win our nation's wars. Optimal sleep has been shown to boost physical performance and cognitive processing. This manuscript will discuss how recent advances in sleep science strongly argue for the integration of sleep planning into military operations.
A comparison of heat acclimation by post-exercise hot water immersion and exercise in the heatTo compare heat acclimation adaptations after three and six days of either post-exercise hot water immersion (HWI) or exercise-heat-acclimation (EHA) in recreationally active individuals.
Representation of women in sport sciences research, publications, and editorial leadership positions: are we moving forward?We determined the representation of women in sport sciences research leadership by assessing the proportion of women in (i) leading authorship positions of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published from January 2000 to September 2020 in sport sciences journals and (ii) editorial boards of these journals as of September 2020.
Are pain coping strategies and neuropathic pain associated with a worse outcome after conservative treatment for Achilles tendinopathy? A prospective cohort studyTo analyse whether (1) passive or active pain coping strategies and (2) presence of neuropathic pain component influences the change of Achilles tendinopathy (AT) symptoms over a course of 24 weeks in conservatively-treated patients.
Musculoskeletal injuries in military personnel—Descriptive epidemiology, risk factor identification, and preventionTo provide an overall perspective on musculoskeletal injury (MSI) epidemiology, risk factors, and preventive strategies in military personnel.
Motor performance is not related to injury risk in growing elite-level male youth football players. A causal inference approach to injury risk assessmentTo identify the causal relation between growth velocity and injury in elite-level youth football players, and to assess the mediating effects of motor performance in this causal pathway.
The prognostic value of the hamstring outcome score to predict the risk of hamstring injuriesHamstring injuries are common among soccer players. The hamstring outcome score (HaOS) might be useful to identify amateur players at risk of hamstring injury. Therefore the aims of this study were: To determine the association between the HaOS and prior and new hamstring injuries in amateur soccer players, and to determine the prognostic value of the HaOS for identifying players with or without previous hamstring injuries at risk of future injury.
Participation in pre-injury level sport one-year following sport-related concussion: A prospective, matched cohort studyTo estimate the times taken to receive clearance to return to sporting activity and to return to pre-injury level of sport competition following sport-related concussion, and to estimate the proportion of athletes who were participating at their pre-injury level of sport competition six months and one-year following sport-related concussion.
Relationships between attitudes and norms with homophobic language use in male team sportsThis study addresses a need for quantitative research examining factors supporting the frequent use of homophobic language (e.g., fag) in male team sports which has a range of negative health impacts on gay and bisexual males. Intervention methods are needed to stop this behaviour, but little is known about why this language remains common.
Running behavior and symptoms of respiratory tract infection during the COVID-19 pandemic: A large prospective Dutch cohort studyTo explore changes in running behavior due to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, assess presence of symptoms suggestive for COVID-19 and identify whether there is an association between running behavior and COVID-19.
Effect of motor imagery on enjoyment in knee-injury prevention and rehabilitation training: A randomized crossover studyThe novel MOTor Imagery to Facilitate Sensorimotor Re-Learning (MOTIFS) model takes a uniquely holistic approach by integrating mental and physical aspects into current training programs. The aim of this trial was to evaluate enjoyment of MOTIFS training as compared to Care-as-Usual (CaU) knee injury and/or rehabilitation training. The primary hypothesis was that enjoyment would be greater following MOTIFS training than CaU training.
We have the injury prevention exercise programme, but how well do youth follow it?Describe the exercise fidelity and utilisation fidelity of the Knee Control injury prevention exercise programme (IPEP) in youth floorball alongside an intervention RCT.
The Exercise and Sports Science Australia position statement: Exercise medicine in cancer managementSince Exercise and Sports Science Australia (ESSA) first published its position statement on exercise guidelines for people with cancer, there has been exponential growth in research evaluating the role of exercise pre-, during and post-cancer treatment.
The prevalence of hand and wrist osteoarthritis in elite former cricket and rugby union playersThis study aimed to determine the prevalence of hand and wrist osteoarthritis in former elite cricket and rugby union players, by sport and playing position, and to define the prevalence of severe hand injury, and its association with hand osteoarthritis.
Modelling the relationships between volume, intensity and injury-risk in professional rugby league playersThis study aimed to: (a) identify the association between external-workloads and injury-risk in the subsequent week; and (b) understand the effectiveness of workload variables in establishing injury-risk.
International Congress on Soldiers’ Physical Performance 2017 (ICSPP2017) Special IssueThis special issue of the Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport originates from the 4th International Congress of Soldiers’ Physical Performance (ICSPP2017) which was hosted by the Defence Science and Technology Group in Melbourne, Australia from 28 November to 1 December 2017. The ICSPP is the most important international conference in applied military human performance research and therefore attracts experts from all over the world. ICSPP2017 had a record attendance of 502 delegates from 32 countries (Fig.
International consensus on military research priorities and gaps — Survey results from the 4th International Congress on Soldiers’ Physical PerformanceThe objectives of this study were to identify perceived priorities related to military personnel’s health and physical performance, among attendees at the 4th International Congress on Soldiers’ Physical Performance (ICSPP), and to determine if perceived priorities had changed between the 3rd ICSPP survey held in 2014 and the 4th ICSPP survey held in 2017.
Perspectives on resilience for military readiness and preparedness: Report of an international military physiology roundtableModern warfare operations often occur in volatile, uncertain, complex, and ambiguous (VUCA) environments accompanied by physical exertion, cognitive overload, sleep restriction and caloric deprivation. The increasingly fast-paced nature of these operations requires military personnel to demonstrate readiness and resiliency in the face of stressful environments to maintain optimal cognitive and physical performance necessary for success. Resiliency, the capacity to overcome the negative effects of setbacks and associated stress on performance, is a complex process involving not only an individual’s physiology and psychology, but the influence of factors such as sex, environment, and training.